How Do Economies Work?


Honestly, sometimes it’s hard to understand how economies work. But with a concise infographic like this one for your reference, you won’t have to worry about it anymore!

What is Money?

Money is a currency in which a country exchanges goods and services. It is generally accepted that the first currency was the ox, which helped people create transactions between one another. Eventually, people started exchanging metals such as gold and silver for goods. This system of exchanging metal eventually led to the use of paper money or fiat money. Paper money became popular when it was easier to handle in large numbers and allowed for people to store wealth securely.

Types of Economy

There are three separate types of economy: The market economy, the planned economy, and the mixed economy. The Market Economy, a free and competitive economy. The market economy is the best form of the economy because it allows for the maximum amount of people to flourish. In this type of economy, each individual has the right to make his own decisions and uses the things he makes to create a profit There are a few different types of economy. There is an economy created by bartering goods and services, a capitalist economy that is influenced by market forces, and a socialist economy that is controlled by the state.

Pros and Cons of an Economy

A successful economy is one in which a country can earn profits from doing something that makes society as a whole better off. There are many different ways to make an economic profit, with one of the most common beings through exports of goods and services. Economic gains for a whole society accumulate over time, resulting in growth.

How Does an Economy Grow?

The process of an economy growing is called economic growth. It’s a process that changes the size of the economy each year, and it’s measured by changes in gross domestic product, or GDP. At any given time, most economies are in a transitional phase where they’re expanding or shrinking. A decrease in GDP is referred to as deflation while an increase is described as an inflation.

Macroeconomics: Why the Recession Happened

The Recession occurred because of a change in the structure of global trade, which led to an imbalance between imports and exports. In 2003, China shifted its economy from a state-led system to one that relied more on domestic consumption. This shift caused the global supply chain to weaken significantly. The quantity of goods produced in the United States increased by 6% annually during the period from 2002-2007, while imports grew even faster at 8%. This created an imbalance that could not be bridged with net exports.


Economies are fascinating, perplexing, and one of the most important components of society. Today, a wide variety of approaches have been proposed and developed that try to answer the question “how do economies work?” Many theories exist, but they all agree on one thing: economies grow because of money.